Medicinal properties of medical marijuana
Marijuana in its composition contains two active substances that, according to the current state of knowledge, have a healing effect. They are - THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). Of these, only THC has a psychoactive effect, however, both compounds are used in medicine. For example, THC can relieve nausea and stimulate the appetite, and is also helpful in relieving the symptoms associated with multiple sclerosis. CBD, in turn, has the potential to alleviate inflammation, the process of neurodegeneration and psychotic conditions. We can understand the mechanism of action of cannabinoids taken from the outside only by deciphering the functions that endocannabinoids produced in our body perform. Both in our brains and in other tissues there are receptors (CB1 and CB2) dedicated to these compounds and through which they exert their effect. Our internal cannabinoids are responsible for a number of functions: protection of neurons against mechanical damage (e.g. through blood pressure), analgesic effect, mood-regulating (note: cannabinoids in high doses have the opposite effect, i.e. they increase the risk of depressed mood through the so-called down-regulation mechanism. , i.e. lowering the number of CB1 receptors). The question is - so, which conditions can we use marijuana to treat?